Public and private sector developers
The Solidarity and Urban Renewal Act (SRU) of December 2000 requires territorial coherence schemes (SCoT) to be established. These are tools for designing and implementing long-term inter-municipal strategic planning on the scale of a large community or an urban area. The SCoT is intended as a reference framework for the various local and regional policies, particularly those centred on spatial organisation and urban planning issues, housing, mobility, commercial development, the environment, etc.
Planners play a major role in these dynamics and contribute to the attractiveness of the areas and the everyday living environment by providing specific responses to environmental and social challenges (in line with the Climate and Resilience Act of August 2021) and to changes in the lifestyles of our fellow citizens. The development of our localities and regions requires coordination with all stakeholders: architects, developers, local authorities, companies and users of the area involved. Among the issues discussed, mobility is often a key issue in all phases in the development of these communities.
The development and transformation period is likely to affect the everyday mobility of citizens. Developers, in close coordination with the local authorities responsible for public interests, must limit these disturbances. This is the challenge of the QIEVO approach, which provides assistance for planning and regulating logistical flows on construction sites, to make them as painless as possible. In this way, this solution for managing last-mile logistics limits the carbon impact of current operations, reduces the nuisance caused by traffic flows and the potential parking of heavy goods vehicles in public areas and makes it easier for citizens to accept these changes.
On the other hand, mobility services must be considered as from the design phase of these new facilities to optimise their accessibility, to offer citizens a range of mobility services and to share public areas to cater for different uses. The Moov'Hub approach is helping to meet this need on the basis of a firm conviction that public and private mobility services should be dovetailed, that parking practices should be shared to help control the use of cars and that tranquil developments should be combined with digital services. In this way, we support the transformation of the area, providing a diagnosis of mobility and a development "planner's" vision, opening up mobility hubs on a scale that we can operate independently and in an integrated manner.
Finally, time bands are also a planning issue for public spaces, where the same place can be put to several different uses in different time periods. This approach, which applies digital technology to infrastructure, provides answers, for example in terms of organising deliveries for last-mile urban logistics to making pedestrianised city centres more tranquil. This time-based approach has been successfully tested on the EPA Paris-Saclay site.